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1.ViewPager简单介绍


1)是怎么样的一个控件?

2)使用PagerAdapter要重写相关方法:

PS:不一定要重写所有方法~


2.实现效果图以及工程目录结构:

先来看下我们要实现的效果吧

接下来看下我们的项目结构:


3.代码实现:


Step 1:相关资源文件的准备:

PS:我们是在实现底部导航栏方法2的基础上来写的,所以资源文件照搬即可! 这里就不贴多次了~!

Step 2:编写activity_main.xml的布局文件:

PS:只是把前面的FrameLayout替换成了:android.support.v4.view.ViewPager而已:

activity_mian.xml

<RelativeLayout xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
    xmlns:tools="http://schemas.android.com/tools"
    android:layout_width="match_parent"
    android:layout_height="match_parent"
    tools:context=".MainActivity">

    <RelativeLayout
        android:id="@+id/ly_top_bar"
        android:layout_width="match_parent"
        android:layout_height="48dp"
        android:background="@color/bg_topbar">

        <TextView
            android:id="@+id/txt_topbar"
            android:layout_width="match_parent"
            android:layout_height="match_parent"
            android:layout_centerInParent="true"
            android:gravity="center"
            android:text="提醒"
            android:textColor="@color/text_topbar"
            android:textSize="18sp" />

        <View
            android:layout_width="match_parent"
            android:layout_height="2px"
            android:layout_alignParentBottom="true"
            android:background="@color/div_white" />

    </RelativeLayout>


    <RadioGroup
        android:id="@+id/rg_tab_bar"
        android:layout_width="match_parent"
        android:layout_height="56dp"
        android:layout_alignParentBottom="true"
        android:background="@color/bg_white"
        android:orientation="horizontal">

        <RadioButton
            android:id="@+id/rb_channel"
            style="@style/tab_menu_item"
            android:drawableTop="@drawable/tab_menu_channel"
            android:text="@string/tab_menu_alert" />

        <RadioButton
            android:id="@+id/rb_message"
            style="@style/tab_menu_item"
            android:drawableTop="@drawable/tab_menu_message"
            android:text="@string/tab_menu_profile" />

        <RadioButton
            android:id="@+id/rb_better"
            style="@style/tab_menu_item"
            android:drawableTop="@drawable/tab_menu_better"
            android:text="@string/tab_menu_pay" />

        <RadioButton
            android:id="@+id/rb_setting"
            style="@style/tab_menu_item"
            android:drawableTop="@drawable/tab_menu_setting"
            android:text="@string/tab_menu_setting" />

    </RadioGroup>

    <View
        android:id="@+id/div_tab_bar"
        android:layout_width="match_parent"
        android:layout_height="2px"
        android:layout_above="@id/rg_tab_bar"
        android:background="@color/div_white" />

    <android.support.v4.view.ViewPager
        android:id="@+id/vpager"
        android:layout_width="match_parent"
        android:layout_height="match_parent"
        android:layout_above="@id/div_tab_bar"
        android:layout_below="@id/ly_top_bar" />


</RelativeLayout>

Step 3:编写Fragment的布局以及代码:

PS:这里为了顺便演示ViewPager的机制,特意写成了四个Fragment!在onCreateView中打印创建Log!

fg_content.xml:

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<LinearLayout xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
    android:layout_width="match_parent"
    android:layout_height="match_parent"
    android:background="@color/bg_white"
    android:orientation="vertical">

    <TextView
        android:id="@+id/txt_content"
        android:layout_width="match_parent"
        android:layout_height="match_parent"
        android:gravity="center"
        android:text="呵呵"
        android:textColor="@color/text_yellow"
        android:textSize="20sp" />

</LinearLayout>

MyFragment1.java:

/**
 * Created by Jay on 2015/8/28 0028.
 */
public class MyFragment1 extends Fragment {

    public MyFragment1() {
    }

    @Override
    public View onCreateView(LayoutInflater inflater, ViewGroup container, Bundle savedInstanceState) {
        View view = inflater.inflate(R.layout.fg_content, container, false);
        TextView txt_content = (TextView) view.findViewById(R.id.txt_content);
        txt_content.setText("个Fragment");
        Log.e("HEHE", "1日狗");
        return view;
    }
}

其他三个照葫芦画瓢,换点东西就好!

Step 4:自定义FragmentPagerAdapter类:

代码很简单,只需传递一个FragmentManager过来,其他都在这里完成!

/**
 * Created by Jay on 2015/8/31 0031.
 */
public class MyFragmentPagerAdapter extends FragmentPagerAdapter {

    private final int PAGER_COUNT = 4;
    private MyFragment1 myFragment1 = null;
    private MyFragment2 myFragment2 = null;
    private MyFragment3 myFragment3 = null;
    private MyFragment4 myFragment4 = null;


    public MyFragmentPagerAdapter(FragmentManager fm) {
        super(fm);
        myFragment1 = new MyFragment1();
        myFragment2 = new MyFragment2();
        myFragment3 = new MyFragment3();
        myFragment4 = new MyFragment4();
    }


    @Override
    public int getCount() {
        return PAGER_COUNT;
    }

    @Override
    public Object instantiateItem(ViewGroup vg, int position) {
        return super.instantiateItem(vg, position);
    }

    @Override
    public void destroyItem(ViewGroup container, int position, Object object) {
        System.out.println("position Destory" + position);
        super.destroyItem(container, position, object);
    }

    @Override
    public Fragment getItem(int position) {
        Fragment fragment = null;
        switch (position) {
            case MainActivity.PAGE_ONE:
                fragment = myFragment1;
                break;
            case MainActivity.PAGE_TWO:
                fragment = myFragment2;
                break;
            case MainActivity.PAGE_THREE:
                fragment = myFragment3;
                break;
            case MainActivity.PAGE_FOUR:
                fragment = myFragment4;
                break;
        }
        return fragment;
    }

}

Step 5:MainActivity的编写:

逻辑很简单,自己看~

MainActivity.java:

package com.jay.fragmentdemo4;

import android.os.Bundle;
import android.support.v4.view.ViewPager;
import android.support.v7.app.AppCompatActivity;
import android.widget.RadioButton;
import android.widget.RadioGroup;
import android.widget.TextView;


/**
 * Created by Coder-pig on 2015/8/28 0028.
 */
public class MainActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements RadioGroup.OnCheckedChangeListener,
        ViewPager.OnPageChangeListener {

    //UI Objects
    private TextView txt_topbar;
    private RadioGroup rg_tab_bar;
    private RadioButton rb_channel;
    private RadioButton rb_message;
    private RadioButton rb_better;
    private RadioButton rb_setting;
    private ViewPager vpager;

    private MyFragmentPagerAdapter mAdapter;

    //几个代表页面的常量
    public static final int PAGE_ONE = 0;
    public static final int PAGE_TWO = 1;
    public static final int PAGE_THREE = 2;
    public static final int PAGE_FOUR = 3;


    @Override
    protected void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {
        super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);
        setContentView(R.layout.activity_main);
        mAdapter = new MyFragmentPagerAdapter(getSupportFragmentManager());
        bindViews();
        rb_channel.setChecked(true);
    }

    private void bindViews() {
        txt_topbar = (TextView) findViewById(R.id.txt_topbar);
        rg_tab_bar = (RadioGroup) findViewById(R.id.rg_tab_bar);
        rb_channel = (RadioButton) findViewById(R.id.rb_channel);
        rb_message = (RadioButton) findViewById(R.id.rb_message);
        rb_better = (RadioButton) findViewById(R.id.rb_better);
        rb_setting = (RadioButton) findViewById(R.id.rb_setting);
        rg_tab_bar.setOnCheckedChangeListener(this);

        vpager = (ViewPager) findViewById(R.id.vpager);
        vpager.setAdapter(mAdapter);
        vpager.setCurrentItem(0);
        vpager.addOnPageChangeListener(this);
    }

    @Override
    public void onCheckedChanged(RadioGroup group, int checkedId) {
        switch (checkedId) {
            case R.id.rb_channel:
                vpager.setCurrentItem(PAGE_ONE);
                break;
            case R.id.rb_message:
                vpager.setCurrentItem(PAGE_TWO);
                break;
            case R.id.rb_better:
                vpager.setCurrentItem(PAGE_THREE);
                break;
            case R.id.rb_setting:
                vpager.setCurrentItem(PAGE_FOUR);
                break;
        }
    }


    //重写ViewPager页面切换的处理方法
    @Override
    public void onPageScrolled(int position, float positionOffset, int positionOffsetPixels) {
    }

    @Override
    public void onPageSelected(int position) {
    }

    @Override
    public void onPageScrollStateChanged(int state) {
        //state的状态有三个,0表示什么都没做,1正在滑动,2滑动完毕
        if (state == 2) {
            switch (vpager.getCurrentItem()) {
                case PAGE_ONE:
                    rb_channel.setChecked(true);
                    break;
                case PAGE_TWO:
                    rb_message.setChecked(true);
                    break;
                case PAGE_THREE:
                    rb_better.setChecked(true);
                    break;
                case PAGE_FOUR:
                    rb_setting.setChecked(true);
                    break;
            }
        }
    }
}

PS:嘿嘿,上面我把导包部分的代码也贴出来了,就是害怕你们导错包,然后出现一些莫名其妙的错误! 因为ViewPager是v4包下面的,所以Fragment,FragmentManager,FragmentTransaction都是需要使用 V4包下的哦!另外获取FragmentManager的方法不是直接用getFragmentManager()而是使用 getSupportFragmentManager()哦!

注意:如果 ViewPager 放在 RadioButton 后,RadioButton 的点击事件会失效。


4.代码下载:

FragmentDemo4:下载FragmentDemo4.zip


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